Madridge
Journal of Behavioral & Social Sciences

ISSN: 2638-2032

Editors

Dong Xie
Associate Professor
University of Central Arkansas
USA
Vivian L. Carter
Associate Professor
Tuskegee University
USA
Satara Armstrong
Professor of Social Work and the Director of the Social Work Program
California Baptist University
USA
Ash Melika
Associate Professor
California Baptist University
USA
Carol Minton
Professor
California Baptist University
USA
Dipak Gupta
Distinguished Professor
Emeritus San Diego State University
USA
Diane E. Schmidt
Professor
California State University
USA
Jamal Nassar
Dean Emeritus
California State University
USA
Norma Ojeda
Professor and Chair
San Diego State University
USA
Ana M. Gamez
Associate Professor
California Baptist University
USA
Leonard Beckum
Associate Vice President
Stanford University
USA
William I. Robinson
Professor
University of California-Santa Barbara
USA
Tina H. Deshotels
Professor and Sociology Program Coordinator
Jacksonville State University
USA
Stergios Makris
Professor
Edge Hill University
United Kingdom
Dilek Barlas
Professor
Koc University
Turkey
Ananda Kumar Palaniappan
Professor
University of Malaya
Malaysia
Dennis L. Dresang
Professor Emeritus
University of Wisconsin-Madison
USA
Tingshao Zhu
Professor
Chinese Academy of Sciences
China
Mariani Binti Md Nor
Associate Professor & Dean
University of Malaya
Malaysia
Diana - Lea Baranovich
Associate Professor
University of Malaya
Malaysia
Anthony W. Hoskin
Associate Professor
Idaho State University
USA
Chia Thao

University of California
USA
Takashi Yamauchi
Associate professor
Texas A&M University
USA
Philip Q. Yang
Professor
Texas Womans University
USA
Annie Crookes
Head
Heriot-Watt University
United Arab Emirates
Qi Li
Associate Professor
Chinese Academy of Sciences
China
Lam Ching Man
Professor
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Lay Yoon Fah
Assoc. Prof
Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Malaysia
Mei-chun Cheung
Associate Professor
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hongkong
David Bugg
Associate Professor
State University of New York at Potsdam
USA
Adi Fahrudin
Professor
Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Malaysia
Siu-ming To
Associate Professor
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Ahmed Y. Zohny
Associate Professor
Coppin State University
USA
Samir Ibrahim Hassan
Professor
Sultan Qaboos University
Oman
Behrooz Kalntari
Professor
Savannah State University
USA
Fida Mohammad
Professor
State University of New York Oneonta
USA
Kazuo Yagami
Associate Professor
Savannah State University
USA
He Hui
Associate Professor
Xiangtan University
China
Virgilio DAntonio
Professor
University of Salerno
Italy
Markus Porsche-Ludwig
Professor
National Dong Hwa University
Taiwan
Heather M. Beauchamp
Associate Professor
The State University of New York, Potsdam
USA
Mallika Banerjee
Retd. Professor, Visiting Prof. IIIT
University of Calcutta
India
Nilanjana Sanyal
Retired Professor
University of Calcutta
India
Andrzej J. L. Zieleniec

Keele University
USA
Helen Wall
Senior Lecturer
Edgehill University
UK
Samuel S. Faulkner
Associate Professor
Texas A&M – Kingsville University
USA
Delbert Rounds
Associate Professor
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
USA
Kimberly S. Adams
Professor
East Stroudsburg University
USA
Irana Mammedli
Associate Professor
Baku State University
Azerbaijan
Sandro Nuno Ferreira de Serpa
Assistant Professor
University of the Azores
Portugal
Mohammad Qasim Abdullah
Professor
University of Aleppo
Syria