Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Introduction: Indonesia is one of producer country for Robusta coffee beans. Semarang is one of city in Indonesia which has many minimarkets and cafes. Obesity is one of metabolic syndrome which has relationship with uric acid. Obesity will increase the level of xanthin oxidoreductase, the enzyme that responsible for the forming of uric acid. Coffee is one of the most favorite drinking which has health benefit for reducing uric acid. There are few of people who understand it well. In this review study we discuss it in obesity.
Methods: Systematic Review
Results: Consumption 2 cup of coffee daily in human or 0, 72 ml daily in wistar rats more better for reducing 15% uric acid level than 1 or 3 or 4 cup of coffee daily.
Discussion: Caffeine of coffee as thermogenic agent reduces the diameter of adipose cells. Caffeine has diuretic effect so the body excretes urine and reduces uric acid level. Polyphenol in the whole food of coffee drinking reduces adipose tissue. Tryptophan protein in green coffee influences serotonin for controlling appetite in the brain, so reduces the consumption of food daily. In obesity, tryptophan is lower than in normo weight. Carbohydrate of coffee in several coffee powder from Semarang (Jawa Tengah, Indonesia) minimarket has at about 16% high fiber which has lower glycemic index, so will reduce hyperglycemia postprandial. Boil of Robusta coffee powder has higher antioxidant than Arabica. Coffee contains lipid, vitamin, minerals that has healthy benefit for obesity.
Conclusions: Coffee has caffeine, polyphenol, protein, carbohydrate, lipid, vitamin, mineral which many mechanisms healthy benefits for reducing uric acid level in the obesity.
Rosa Lelyana is a Medical Doctor/ Doctor/ General Practitioner/Scientist and Editor/ Reviewer of Int Js, Senior Lecturer, Professional Researcher for the research field related to Coffee/Medicine/Nutrition.
Zayed University, Dubai, UAE
The present study assessed the associations of overweight, obesity and anaemia with selected lifestyle factors, total body fat and abdominal obesity among female university students in Dubai.
A total of 251 female students from a national university in Dubai participated in the present study. Weight, height, waist circumference, Hb level and total body fat percentage were measured. Participants also completed a self-reported questionnaire that included items related to the factors of obesity, anaemia and lifestyle. The study was approved by the University Ethical Committee.
Almost one-third of the participants were overweight/obese; 8.5 % had abdominal obesity while 18.1 % had anaemia. Out of the total, 71.7 % reported that they have irregular meals and the highest percentages were found among obese (89.3 %) and overweight (78.0 %) compared with normal-weight (65.4 %) students (P < 0.05). Overweight/ obese students reported that they exercise more than those of normal weight (P = 0.05). Students with anaemia reported less exercise than students without anaemia (P = 0.05). Also, the percentage of total body fat was found to be the highest (38.9 %) among students with anaemia (P < 0.05). Overweight, obesity and anaemia are prevalent among female university students.
Anaemia seems to be associated with the percentage of total body fat, lack of physical activity and junk food. Further studies are required to investigate the detailed dietary habits of overweight and obese young adult females with anaemia.
Haleama Al Sabbah is Associate Professor and former Chair of Health Sciences Department at Zayed University in UAE. She completed her PhD in Public Health Nutrition (PhD in Medical Sciences) in 2008 from the Faculty of Medicine, Gent University, Belgium. She awarded a doctoral scholarship from Belgian Technical Cooperation (BTC). Her PhD study was part of the National Study of the Palestinian Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC-2004). Dr. Al Sabbah was a Fulbright Senior Visiting Scholar and did Post-Doctoral studies in Public Health and Nutrition at Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Center, Tufts University, Boston, USA from 2011 to 2012. She served as the director of Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, An-Najah University, Palestine from 2009 to 2013. Dr. Al Sabbah has published numerous number of articles in scientific journals and served as an editorial board member and reviewer for several peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Al Sabbah is regularly invited to both national and international conferences, courses and research studies in all over the world, including Europe, USA, Canada, West Africa and some Arab countries.
Ministry of Public Health, Qatar
The pandemic of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has caused significant disruption in everyday lifestyle.
Since March 2020, almost many parts of the globe became a protected zones, with severe restrictive measures, such as the closure of all usual activities, including schools/universities, sport activities, shops and factories. People had to stay at home, working activities were suspended or turned into virtual (work from home).
Restrictions of the activities, working from home policies, lockdown and the adverse mental burden linked to the COVID-19 pandemic may increase the risk of weight gain and obesity.
In my speech, I will highlight the risk of weight gain and obesity associated with lifestyle changes related to COVID-19 Pandemic and suggest preventive strategies for these negative consequences of this change in health.
Rasmeh AL- Huneiti is a Clinical Guidelines Specialist at the Ministry of Public Health, Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety Department, in state of Qatar. She is also a guest lecturer in Healthcare at Calgary University Qatar. Rasmeh holds a BSc in General Nursing from the University of Jordan. She has a PhD in Medical Education from Brunel University in the UK. Her post graduate qualifications include a Diploma in Primary Healthcare, MSc in General Nursing Education, International Diploma in HR Management Certificate in Clinical Nutrition and Health Systems Specialization. As a reviewer and editing board member she contributed to several international conferences, peer reviewed journals and her research work is published internationally. Since 2015 she has been serving as Adjunct Professor at Calgary University Qatar and as Guest Lecturer on Patient Safety and Healthcare Quality and Healthcare Regulation for the masterʼs Leadership in nursing program. Rasmeh is also a guest speaker for the Patient Safety and Change Management Community Medicine Residency Program. Rasmeh developed an E-learning Model for E-health Education in Developing Countries. She is a volunteer at the Qatar Red Crescent Society. Professionally her experience spans nearly 30 years across a variety of challenging roles, including clinical nursing, education, administration, training and staff development, regulation and clinical guidelines development as well as change management. Since joining the Ministry of Public Health National Clinical Guidelines Program in 2015, she has played a lead role in setting the Change management and Communication strategy for the program. She also serves as a member on several Guideline related national working groups.
University of Porto, Portugal
Worldwide, obesity is considered a major public health problem (1). In the last four decades, its prevalence has tripled, currently affecting more than 650 million individuals, about 13% of the world population (2). Considered one of the major risk factors for chronic non communicable diseases. In addition to comorbidities, obesity is also related to nutritional deficiencies, which contributes to worsening the individual's health status (3). In this context, Vitamin D stands out because it has an inverse correlation with body adiposity and this relationship can be explained by several factors (4).
Currently, the most widely used parameter in clinical practice to classify obesity is the Body Mass Index (BMI), often combined with other anthropometric measurements (5). However, attention should be paid to its limitations, once information on the presence or severity of comorbidities, functional limitations, mental health and quality of life of the individual with obesity are not considered (6).
Given these limitations of the obesity classification parameters used so far, the Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS), an ordinal five-stage staging system based on simple clinical analysis was developed. This tool takes into account the presence and severity of risk factors, comorbidities, functional limitations and quality of life of the individual as a whole, proposing a deeper and more detailed assessment of obesity and the impact of excess body fat on health and individual's well being (6).
The purpose of this lecture is to demonstrate the evaluation of vitamin D nutritional status with anthropometric and metabolic parameters in individuals with obesity classified according to the EOSS.
1. Chooi, Y.C.; Ding, C.; Magkos, F. The epidemiology of obesity. Metabolism. 2018 Sep 22. pii: S0026-0495(18)30194-X.
2. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Obesity and overweight. http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight <Acesso em: 22 out 2018>.
3. Krzizek, E. C.; Brix, J. M.; Herz, C. T.; Kopp, H. P.; Schernthaner, G. H.; Schernthaner, G.; Ludvik, B. Prevalence of Micronutrient Deficiency in Patients with Morbid Obesity Before Bariatric Surgery. Obes Surg. 2018 Mar;28(3):643-648
4. Wamberg, L.; Pedersen, S. B.; Rejnmark, L.; Richelsen, B. Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency and Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Metabolic Complications in Obesity: a Review. Curr Obes Rep. 2015 Dec;4(4):429-40.
5. Chiappetta, S.; Stier, C.; Squillante, S.; Theodoridou, S.; Weiner, R.A. The importance of the Edmonton Obesity Staging System in predicting postoperative outcome and 30-day mortality after metabolic surgery Manuscript type: original contribution. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, 2016.
6. Sharma, A. M.; Kushner, R. F. A proposed clinical staging system for obesity. International Journal of Obesity (2009) 33, 289–295.
Adryana Cordeiro is a Nutritionist, completed her PhD/MSc in Medical Science/Faculty of Medicine/University Federal of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Scientific Researcher/Unit of Biochemistry/Biomedicine Department/Faculty of Medicine/University of Porto – Portugal, Researcher of Micronutrients Research Center/Institute of Nutrition/UFRJ, Scientific Researcher of Pos-doctorate/ Institute of Nutrition/UFRJ and she had written many chapters books and manuscripts about obesity, Vitamin D nutritional status, nutritional deficiencies and metabolic diseases (cardiovascular disease, Syndrome metabolic, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease).