2nd International Probiotics, Nutrition & Microbiome Conference
October 10-11, 2018 Amsterdam, Netherlands
Probiotics Dedicated to Honeybees
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Poland
Probiotics – live microbial food supplements – are believed to be beneficial for their consumers by improving intestinal microbial balance, protecting against gastrointestinal disorders, and digesting some food components. Probiotic strains dedicated to some group of organisms should originate from healthy specimens belonging to this group (Sararela et al. 2000). Nowadays, probiotics are omnipresent as functional food and medicaments. Unfortunately, strains isolated from one group of organisms might not turn out to be beneficial for another, thus probiotics dedicated to vertebrates are harmful to or have no beneficial effects on insects (Whitten and Coates 2017, Ptaszyńska et al. 2016, Johanson et al. 2014, Mirjanic et al. 2013). Digestive system of honeybees is mainly inhabited by Lactobacillus kunkeei, L.apinorum, L. mellifer, L. apis, L. mellis and Fructobacillus fructosus (Hroncova et al. 2015).
Lactobacilluskunkeei and Fructobacillus fructosus bacteria make up the bulk of the natural, beneficial bacterial flora of honeybees in the summer. Owing to their properties, they occur in any environment with considerable amount of fructose, e.g. pollen, fruit, grape must, etc. Consequently, they also occur in the hive environment. Furthermore, these bacteria are also able to thrive in the honeybee gut, which produces numerous beneficial effects: they help digest and absorb necessary compounds and microelements, protect against mild poisonings with xenobiotics, acidify their environment, which protects the gut from any developments of microorganisms that can be pathogenic for bees, e.g. Paenibacillus larvae that cause foulbrood, or Nosemacerenae fungi that cause nosemosis. They also have immunomodulation effects improving beesʼ immunity, strengthening the condition of whole bee families and prolonging beesʼ lives.
In winter, bees are devoid of contacts with their outdoor environment, also with naturally occurring probiotic bacteria. Hence a whole bee family, especially young winter bees, ought to be in touch with a probiotic.
Dr hab. Aneta A. Ptaszyńska, a lecturer at the Institute of Biology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Poland has been researching honeybees and their diseases. She has been doing experimental studies into synthetic and natural substances that could make up the basis for remedies improving beesʼ condition, fighting bee diseases, mainly fungal diseases, such as nosemosis. Dr hab. Ptaszyńska has been cooperating with numerous scientific centres in Poland and abroad and her studies have been the basis for three patent applications, two industrial implementations, and numerous scientific publications.