Madridge Journal of Nursing

ISSN: 2638-1605

2nd International Nursing Conference
November 1-3, 2017 Barcelona, Spain

An Evidence - Based Model for Enhancing Optimal Midwifery Practice Environment in Limpopo Province, South Africa

Thopola Magdeline Kefilwe and Masamo Esther Lekhuleni

University of Limpopo, South Africa

DOI: 10.18689/2638-1605.a2.002

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A sequential explanatory mixed method research design was adopted in order to develop an evidence-based model for enhancing optimal midwifery practice environment. The design was utilized in four phases: quantitative, qualitative, model development and validation of the model. Population comprised of midwifery practitioners and learner midwives. Simple random sampling was used to select 174 midwifery practitioners and 173 learner midwives. Ten midwifery practioners and ten learner midwives participated only in the pilot study. Self-developed 4-point Likert scale questionnaires were administered. Statistical Package for Social Science version 22 was used for data were analysis using descriptive and inferential statistics. Phenomenological semi-structured interviews were conducted for midwifery practitioners (n=20), 3 Focus group discussions of learner midwives (n=18) and 3 focus groups of puerperal mothers (n=18) were held until data reached saturation. Interview guides were used for individual interviews and focus group discussions to explore the quantitative findings in more depths through qualitative data analysis. Data were analysed qualitatively using Teschʼs open-coding methods. Themes and sub-themes were coded manually. An interpretive integration of quantitative and qualitative designs was used for data collection and data analysis.

The results that emerged from the corroboration, comparison and integration of numeric and narratives revealed: the existence of sub-optimal midwifery practice environment, sub-optimal midwifery experiential learning environment and provision of suboptimal midwifery interventions. An evidence-based model for enhancing optimal midwifery practice environment was developed from using reasoning strategies and the process of concept analysis. The components of the structure of the evidence-based model were: context, goal, existing environment, dynamics, sub-optimal midwifery practice environment, arrows and circles, bridge the gap and ideal situation. The evidence-based information from the existing situation as seen from the world of participants brought about a gap of optimal midwifery practice environment. Protocols were designed for quality improvement pertaining to human and material resources. Guidelines for utilizing evidence-based model were formulated.

Dr. Thopola Magdeline Kefilwe, teaches midwifery, supervising research to undergraduates and Masters Dissertations. Qualifications: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Mcur, B Cur:Nursing Education, Community Nursing Science, Occupational Health Nursing, Nursing Administration, Registered Midwife and Registered Nurse.
Midwifery specialist, initiated advanced midwifery training in Ga-Rankuwa Nursing College. PhD Title “An evidence-based model for enhancing optimal midwifery practice environment in maternity units of public hospitals, Limpopo province.
Presented research papers nationally and internationally. Published 13 midwifery articles in accredited journals. Reviewer of articles for publications in accredited journals. Served as faculty advisor of First Africa Cohort of Maternal-Child-Health Care Leadership Academy, 2013-2015.