Sports & Vitality Hungary Ltd., Hungary
Background: The factors that are milestones to contribute to an athleteʼs success are genetic aptitudes, proper sport training methods, optimal body composition, age, lifestyle, environmental factors as well as nutrition. Monitoring of the body composition in handball, which is a great popularity in our country, has been the object of several researches. The object of my research was the assumption that the methods developed for the average population (BMI, BMI-percentiles) do not give relevant information about the nutritional status, however, adequacy to recommendations relating to the body fat percent is in measurable connection with the performance.
Method: In my analysis I used the data of adult-(n=66), youth-(n=59), U16-(n=40) and U14-(n=38) age male handball players. I performed the body composition measurements with multifrequency Inbody 720 bioelectrical impedance analysis.
Results: The BMI-percentiles (χ2= 53,038, p<0,001) or the BMI (χ2=8,208, p<0,05) do not predict the body compositional characteristics.(body fat percentage). Examining the connection between the game position and body composition the circle runnersʼ BMI (28,33 ± 1,225) was significantly higher than the goalkeepersʼ, (25,00 ±2,121; p<0,05), the centersʼ (24,83 ± 1,835; p<0,01), the left and right back playersʼ (25,17 ± 1,993; p<0,01), or the wingersʼ (25,13 ± 2,323, p<0,05). Regarding to the body fat percentage they were also the players on the circle runner post who showed measurably higher degree (14,94 ±3,607) compared with the centers (9,45 ± 4,579, p<0,05) and the backs(10,25 ± 4,044, p<0,05).
Conclusion: My research confirms the significance of using body composition measurement in professional sport. Being aware of valid data with optimization of body composition we can contribute to successes in sport.
Descriptors: handball, body composition, body fat percentage, BIA
University of Gezira, Sudan
Anemia is common in cancer patients and it is one of the leading indicators of cancer. The prevalence of Anemia is significantly increasing in elderly cancer patients. Anemia may be caused from bleeding, nutritional deficiencies, bone marrow damage, tumor infiltration of bone marrow, and the malignant process itself.
The purpose of this study is determine Hemoglobin (Hb) levels in older Sudanese prostate cancer patients and female breast cancer patients attending National Cancer Institute (NCI), Gezira State-Central of Sudan.
A population for the study was recruited 156 males and 193 females diagnosis of confirmed prostate and breast cancers as new cases between 1/Jan/2015 -1/Nov/2016. Aged range was over 45 years old. A combined analyses of 349 participants with anaemia was depended on [haemoglobin, 13 g/dl (men) or 12 (women)]. Across cancer patients and anaemia subgroups using the X2-test.
In the total, 73.7% of prostate cancer patients were anemic, however (59.6%) of breast cancer patients were anemic. Anemia was associated with advanced age (≥66 years) in prostate cancer (38.7%); as well it increased in breast cancer (25.9%) with younger age group (45-55 years). Anemia had a significant effect with age, martial status, physical activity, education level, career status, habits, Body Mass Index and advance stage of diseases.
Individually, anaemia confers risks in prostate and breast cancer patients. The causes of anemia should be pursued and reversed. The hemoglobin levels should be maintained with normal level. Screening for anaemia would identify vulnerable prostate and breast cancer patients whose outcomes can potentially be improved.
Fatima Abu Baker Hamad is lecturer in Biochemistry Department, Gezira University. She is a PhD student in Molecular Biology, Institute of Endemic Diseases and University of Khartoum. She obtained MS in Biochemistry & Nutrition from Gezira University and BS in Biochemistry & Nutrition from Khartoum University. She has experience in teach, research and application of Biochemistry, nutrition, environment and cancer risk assessment. Fatima is particularly member in Sudanese cancer and environmental Societies-Wad Madani Branch, Sudan. She published many scientific papers and she presented different scientific papers on many conferences all over the world.
University of Bremen, Germany
Background: Adequate sleep quality is essentially for human‘s capability, resilience and wellbeing. Studies showed an association of sleep quality on health and productivity. Especially in the health care sector it is mandatory to work continuous in different shifts for patientsʼ good. Therefore it is necessary to determine this possible association to develop measures and increase patient safety.
Method: Quantitative approach using a cross sectional study with paper and online based questionnaires following the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI). Shift working nurses (n=86) and non-shift working administration staff (n=43) from 2 nursing homes, 1 hospital and 1 outpatient care service all located in northern Germany were inquired during May 2017. Responded questionnaires were analysed with MS-Excel software.
Results: We identified that 63 % of the admin staff and 51 % of nurses stated to sleep sufficient and restful (n=129). Approximately 37 % of nurses and 30 % of admin staff claimed about bad quality of sleep. Both groups reported more inattentiveness and irritableness as consequence of sleep deficiency. Only 8 % of nurses and 12 % of admin staff denied any sleep deficiencies. Both groups perceived, stress‘as most impeding to fall asleep followed by: pain, impeding biorhythm and sleeping disordersʼ. Most of both group participants mentioned: Sport, to take a walk, good food and praying as their coping strategies.
Conclusions: Evidence between shift work and sleep quality to disadvantage of nurses were identified. Bad sleep quality seems to threat health and treatment. Interestingly participants had the same coping strategies. Avoidance of swing shifts might be beneficial for shift working employeesʼ sleep quality.
Gabriel Spieker born 1989 is an educated experienced geriatric nurse who worked in different Health Care areas as hospitals, nursing homes and outpatient care services in several positions as nurse, project manager and research assistant. He studied Health Care Management, Public Health and Political Sciences in Bremen (Germany) and Tampere (Finland). He holds a Bachelor degree (B.A) in Public Health, a long-time member-ship in the German Red Cross Association and the German Association for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemio-logy (GMDS). At the moment he works as nurse in an outpatient care service in Hamburg (Germany).
Bournemouth University, UK
Introduction: Childhood malnutrition causes the mortality of millions of children under five and affects the health and development of millions of other children. In particular, cognitive development may be negatively affected by early childhood malnutrition.
Background: Early childhood is a critical period for both nutrition and cognitive development. Malnourished children are more likely to experience educational failure and a reduction in adult productivity. Malnutrition and its effects on cognitive development can be prevented by nutritional and early childhood development interventions. This review aims to explore whether malnutrition has negative effects on cognitive development and if these effects can be reversed.
Methodology: A comprehensive literature review was conducted. Criteria were set to establish the viability of studies according to sampling, statistical robustness, length of the study and the appropriateness of the measures used.
The results: Early childhood malnutrition has negative effects on cognitive development in childhood and adolescence but can be partially or fully reversed by appropriate interventions.
Conclusion and recommendations: To prevent these adverse effects the interventions need to focus first and foremost on children aged 0-2 years old; this can be more cost effective. Parents should be included in the interventions, and cultural and environmental context should be considered.
Shaqaieq Ashrafi Dost graduated as a Medical Doctor. She has more than 10 yearsʼ work experience in public health mostly in the field of mother and child health. She was also given the responsibility of nutrition programmes in her organization which made her able to establish Baby Friendly Hospital Initiatives (BFHI) in two Provincial hospitals in Afghanistan. A breast-feeding programme was another nutrition programme that she started in three provinces. She did her masterʼs programme in Public Health at Bournemouth University, UK. Currently she is doing her PhD programme in Health Management at the same University.