1Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Lithuania
2Medical Center Maxmeda, Lithuania
Oral health has a direct impact on the transmission of infection. Candidiasis is a disease causing Candida fungi, which under certain conditions from conditionally-pathogenic bacteria turn into pathogenic microorganisms and can cause dehydration and denture stomatitis.
The aim of this study is to find out the effects of sexual lifestyle on oral cavity candidiasis of women with recurrent genital candida albicans.
Methods: 35 women in total were examined in the Medical centreMaxmeda throughout 2017-2018, complaining of burning, loss of taste, redness, feeling of dryness in the oral cavity and bad breath.
Gynecological tests were carried out for the patients to have more trustworthy results and using an anonymous questionnaire method to find out the purpose and the impact of their sexual lifestyle on existing oral cavity lesions. Rejection criteria: pregnancy, breast-feeding, STD, antibiotics.
Standard statistical software MS Excel 2016 and SPSS were used for statistical analysis of data. The values of various parameters were estimated to be as accurate as 95% of the final results. Differences were considered statistically reliable when the reliability level was p<0.05.
Results: The women ranged from 17-32 years (average 25; 95 % CI 22-26). Most women used OCP (52.1%), condoms (32.1%), 14% of patients didnʼt use any contraception at all. Using OCP of oral and vaginal candidiasis are significantly related (p<0,05). Both oral and vaginal candidiasis were identified for women that had no permanent partner (p<0,05).
The various types of genital-oral sex performed together Cunnilingus/Fellatio/Anilingus – 55,4%, Cunnilingus/Fellatio- 35,2%, Fellatio/Anilingus 9,4%.
Conclusion: According to the results risk of oral thrush increased by using OCP, having oral sex without condoms or permanent partner. It is important to treat vaginal and oral candidiasis with local and systemic medications, have dental health check-ups regularly,always ask your doctor about ways to avoid or treat your dry mouth.
Kamila Kasilovska is a third year dentistry student at Vilnius University. Her interesting research is cosmetic dentistry, orthodontics and periodontics.
Seoul National University, Korea
Objectives: This research investigated the effects of vibration on the rheological properties of dental composites and the adaptation of tooth cavity-composite interfaces.
Methods: A portable vibratory packing device and two composites, Filtek Z250 (Z250) and Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior (BFP), were evaluated. The frequency and amplitude of the vibratory packing device were measured. Dynamic oscillatory shear tests were conducted with varying frequency to examine the rheological properties of the composites. Twenty identical composite teeth with a Class I cavity were prepared and filled with one of the two composites. The composite was placed into a cavity using the vibratory packing device operating in either ON or OFF mode. After light-curing of the composite, the gap between the tooth and the composite was evaluated using micro-computed tomography. Two-way ANOVA was used to evaluate the effects of vibration and composite type on tooth-composite adaptation.
Results: The frequency of the vibratory packing device was 66.8 Hz. The complex viscosity, η*, of BFP was higher than that of Z250, and η* of both composites significantly decreased with increasing oscillation frequency. The application of vibration did not decrease gap formation in cavity-composite interface.
Conclusion: The application of vibration (66.8 Hz) decreased the viscosity of composites, but did not enhance adaptation at the tooth-composite interface.
Dr. In-Bog Lee is Professor in the Department of Conservative Dentistry at Seoul National University, Korea. He received his D.D.S. (1990) and Ph.D. (1999) from Seoul National University. He has trained in Intern and Resident programs at Seoul National University Dental Hospital in 1990 – 1993. He served as a dentist (Captain) in Korea Army for 3 years (1993 – 1996), thereafter, practiced a private dental clinic for 6 years in Seoul. Dr. Lee joined the Department of Conservative Dentistry at Seoul National University in 2002. His research interests cover the biomechanics of composite restoration, rheology of dental materials, and instrumentation for measurement. He is the founder of IB SYSTEMS (http://ibsystems.snu.ac.kr).
Dental University of Monastir, Tunisia
During endodontic retreatment, different methods could be used to remove the filling material, which are classified into thermal, mechanical, chemical and the combination of the three. Recently, many studies have assessed the effectiveness of rotary and reciprocating systems in retreatment, and re-preparation of the root canals. Another studies have compared various solvents assessing their safety and efficiency. Passive ultrasonic irrigation has been evaluated too.Furthermore, advances in radiographic technics, have enhanced the prognosis of retreated teeth by facilitating the dealing with complicated cases.In this work, we will present the results of the recent studies and report one clinical case of retreatment.
Adamawa State University, Nigeria
Background: Tooth brushing and other mechanical cleaning procedures are considered the most reliable methods of effective plaque removal, which is essential for prevention of periodontal diseases.
Objective: To investigate the relationship between oral hygiene practices, socioeconomic status and gingival health in a group of Nigerian children.
Methods: Our study population consisted of 242 randomly selected school children in Ile‐Ife, Nigeria. Participants completed a questionnaire on oral hygiene measures, their gingival health was assessed using oral hygiene index (OHI), plaque index (PI) and index of gingival inflammation (GI). Results: Tooth brushing once daily was the most common practice (52.1%). Toothbrush with fluoride‐containing toothpaste was the most common tooth cleaning aid, whiles the up and down brushing technique was predominantly used. There was no statistically significant gender difference in tooth brushing frequency; however, significant gender differences were observed in PI and OHI scores ( P< 0.05). Gingivitis was absent in 28.9% of the children,, while 50.8% had mild, 13.6% moderate and 6.6% severe gingivitis. There was a weak but significant negative correlation between oral hygiene frequency and GI ( P< 0.05). Socioeconomic status had no relationship with oral hygiene frequency, however it had low but significant correlation with OHI and GI ( P< 0.05). A logistic regression analysis of the predictors on gingivitis showed that male gender and medium textured toothbrush had significant association with gingival health.
Conclusions: Gingival health was influenced by gender, socioeconomic status, oral hygiene frequency and toothbrush texture. Motivation to apply instructions given on oral health care and regular reinforcement are essential.
Tanta University, Egypt
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate both clinically and radiographically the role of extraction socket length variations on immediate implant success in maxillary anterior teeth.
Patients and Methods: This study comprised 16 patients complaining in one of the maxillary anterior teeth and not respond to conservative treatment (non-restorable tooth), the patients divided into two equal groups according to the extraction socket length; Group (I): Extraction socket length > 10 mm and Group (II): Extraction socket length < 10 mm.
Teeth were extracted a traumatically after raising a gingival flap and replaced immediately by immediate implant placement and after implant fixture placement, there were a gap between the implant fixture and alveolar bony socket walls which necessitated placement of cerasorb bone graft particles that is composed of β-tricalcium phosphate then the gingival flap was closed primarily with interrupted sutures. After 3-4 months allowed for healing and osseointegration, the implant fixture was exposed and the implant abutment was prepared to accommodate the final cemented crown. Then the patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically at 6 and 9 months after implant insertion. Clinically for mobility test, probing pocket depth measurements and gingival index. Radiographically through standardized periapical radiographs which were digitally analyzed using subtraction technique for calculating and comparison areas of bone gain detected in pixels.
Results: The patients divided into two groups, the sixteen patients comprised of nine males and seven females, their ages in-between 21 to 48 years with a mean of 32 years.
As regard mobility test, the 16 implants were successfully osseointegrated and no mobility were detected at either 6 or 9 months after implant insertion.
The mean of the probing pocket depth for group I and II was minimally increased after implant loading and no statically significant difference when compared together.
The mean for the gingival index of group I and II was decreased after implant loading and no statically significant difference when compared together.
As regard, radiographic evaluation the mean of areas of bone gain at 6 and 9 months after implant insertion were increased in both groups, and no statically significant difference when compared together, which indicated that there were successful osseointegration.
Conclusion: The immediate implant placement into fresh extraction socket has proven to be a safe and predictable procedure. As this shorten the treatment time due to reduction the number of the surgical procedures, maintains soft tissue height with preservation of the surrounding bone tissues for better guiding of implant placement and allows rapid rehabilitation by implant placement at the time of extraction.
Keywords: Immediate implant, socket length, vertical defect depth, cerasorb bone graft, implant success, survival rate, and osseointegration.
Ahmed Mohamed Sharbash graduated from Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University in 2000, and he got a diploma in prosthodontics in 2004 from the same university. He got a master degree in oral and maxillofacial surgery in 2014 from the same university. Presently working as a dental specialist at Kotor General Hospital along in his private dental clinic.