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International Journal of Biotechnology and Recent Advances

ISSN: 2639-4529

European Microbiology Research Conference
December 3-4, 2018 Valencia, Spain

Recognition of Metallo-β-lactamase Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Hospitalized Isolates in Erbil city, Iraq

Safaa Toma Aka

Hawler Medical University, Iraq

DOI: 10.18689/2639-4529.a1.009

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Background and objective: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is frequently responsible for the outbreaks of hospital-acquired infection. Multidrug resistance (MDR) in P. aeruginosa has appeared as an issue of great concern with the emergence of Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing isolates, which showed to be the primary resistance mechanism in carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa. Strains producing these enzymes have increased in frequency over the past few years and have been responsible for prolonged nosocomial outbreaks. The aim of the present study was detection of MBL-producing P. aeruginosa isolates from patients and then evaluate antibiotic guide for clinicians in recommending accurate antibiotic and further controlling hospital infection.

Methods: A total of 98 consecutive isolates of P. aeruginosa causing infections were isolated from various clinical samples. We applied Vitek-2 automated system as a panel of antimicrobial agents. Imipenem-EDTA combined disk test (CDT) and modified Hodge test (MHT) for phenotypic detection of MBL-producing isolates were recommended; it was performed on all P.aeruginosa isolates showing resistance to imipenem.

Results: Out of 98 isolates of P.aeruginosa screened for imipenem (IMP) susceptibility, only 72 isolates (73%) showed IMPresistance and the remaining 26 (26%) were sensitive to imipenem. Around 63 (87.5%) of the IMP-resistant isolates were able to produce MBLs as determined by CDT, while 30 (41.6) showed positive results in MHT. The resistance to antibiotics tested was significantly higher (P <0.001) with MBL producing P. aeruginosa isolates compared to non-MBL producers.

Conclusions: Our results support the belief that MBL producing-P.aeruginosa is being discovered in our region at an alarming rate. The prevalence of MDR to the antibiotics among MBL-producing P. aeruginosa isolates was established. CDT is a reliable screening test for detection of MBL. Colistins are recommended for the treatment of severe infections caused by these organisms.

Keywords: P. aeruginosa, MBL, Multi-drug resistance, phenotypic detection