International Journal of Biotechnology and Recent Advances

ISSN: 2639-4529

3rd International Biotechnology and Research Conference

October 23, 2020, Webinar
Keynote Session Abstracts
DOI: 10.18689/2639-4529.a3.001

In vitro Flowering of Vigna Species from Immature Hybrid Seed

Susmita Shukla

Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, India

V igna is one of the most important genus of family Fabaceae which forms source of dietary protein. Large number of its species is widely cultivated as pulse crop. The average yield of these crops is low due to inherently limited yield potential of the present cultivars and their susceptibility to various diseases. There is need to widen the gene pool of Vigna species through interspecific hybridization. Attempts to obtain interspecific hybrids by conventional means have not succeeded significantly. The cultivated species of Vigna has restricted the conventional plant breeding programme to improve the yield because of its limited gene pool. The success of raising interspecific hybrids by conventional means has been very low equivalent to nothing. The interspecific hybrids obtained are often completely sterile or only partial fertile while relatively few are fertile. The present study focuses standardization of in vitro regeneration and flowering of Vigna species from immature interspecific hybrid seed. The attempt was made through random hybridization followed by applying embryo rescue technology. Successful in vitro protocol was developed which may be further tried for large scale production. Efficacy of best suitable media, phytohormone, number of cycles were standardized further resulted in vitro flowering and pod formation. Raising of interspecific hybrids through embryo rescue is expected to provide alternative solution for broadening the gene pool and generating the robust plants with enhance nutritional content.

Susmita Shukla is PhD and M.Sc in Biotechnology and more than 17 years of teaching and research experience. She has received prestigious award as DBT travel grant for presenting research work in International conference at Singapore, IASc-INSA-NASI Summer Research Fellowship Award, BioCARe Women Scientist Award, Best Young Scientist Award, Scientist of the Year Award, Outstanding Scientist Award etc. She has also filed patent of commercial use and also organized National & International seminars and Indo- African Training Program for African Professionals. She has also handled some prestigious projects funded by Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India. She has published research papers in reputed National and International journals and also presented her research work in various National and International conferences.

Functionalised Graphene Oxide and its Application in Biotechnology

Alexander Seifalian* and Mazaher Gholipourmalekabadi

Nanotechnology & Regenerative Medicine Commercialisation Centre (NanoRegMed Ltd)
London BioScience Innovation Centre, UK

The world advancing rapidly in the field of technology, a simple example is our mobile phone. However, when compared to healthcare, the diagnostic and treatment of diseases are still very poor and surgery has not changed significantly compared with 50 years ago.

There is plenty of news in academia/media that everything could be diagnosed and cured, but in reality, the invention has been tested in rodents and has not moved to human. This is due to; the complexity of the medical devices developed in a university research environment, the lack of difficulty taking devices to the clinical setting, as well as the positive outcome obtained from in vitro and rodents may not transferable to human. Therefore, need going back to the drawing table and rethink to build medical devices that; commercially feasible, reliable, sensitive, repeatable and non-toxic and biocompatible.

The potential for using advanced/smart nanomaterial and consequent research to replace damaged tissues has also seen a quantum leap in the last decade. In 2010, two scientists in the UK isolated a single layer of carbon atoms on scotch tape. Graphene considers as a wonder material, it is the strongest material on the planet, an order of 100 times stronger than steel, super-elastic and conductive. The functionalized graphene oxide (FGO) is non-toxic and antibacterial. FGO has been used for drug and gene delivery, development of biosensor or in nanocomposite materials development of human organs.

In my talk, I present and discuss our work on the application of FGO in development of medical sensors, drug, gene and stem cells delivery, as well as the development of human organs with stem cells technology. The FGO based materials can be fabricated to human organs. The 3D scaffold from these materials is functionalized with bioactive molecules and stem cells technology, for the development of human organs. The data for the development of organs using these materials will be presented.

Alexander Seifalian, Professor of Nanotechnology and Regenerative Medicine worked at the Royal Free Hospital and University College London for over 26 years, during this time he spent a year at Harvard Medical School looking at caused of cardiovascular diseases and a year at Johns Hopkins Medical School looking at the treatment of liver cancer. He published more than 647 peer-reviewed research papers and registered 14 UK and International patents. On editorial boards of 41 journals. He is currently CEO of NanoRegMed Ltd, working on the commercialisation of his research. During his career, Prof Seifalian has led and managed many large projects with successful outcomes in terms of commercialisation and translation to patients. In 2007 he was awarded the top prize in the field for the development of nanomaterials and technologies for cardiovascular implants by Medical Future Innovation and in 2009 he received a Business Innovation Award from UK Trade & Investment (UKTI). He was the European Life Science Awardsʼ Winner of Most Innovative New Product 2012 for the “synthetic trachea”. Prof Seifalian won the Nanosmat Prize in 2013 and in 2016 he received the Distinguish Research Award in recognition of his outstanding work in regenerative medicine from Heals Healthy Life Extension Society. His achievements include the development of the world first synthetic trachea, lacrimal drainage conduit and vascular bypass graft using nanocomposite materials, bioactive molecules and stem cell technology. Currently, he is working on the development and commercialisation of human organs using graphene-based nanocomposite materials and stem cells technology. Recently he has commercialised a novel functionalised graphene oxide for drug/gene/vaccine delivery and synthetic graphene-based nanocomposite materials for surgical and medical devices application. He is currently working on the development of facial organs, heart valves and tendons. Due to COVID-19, he has been working in development of nanoparticles, for vaccine delivery as well as development of filters for face mask and air ventilation system using graphene to stop/kill Coronavirus.